Dialogic functions of repair by lexical synonymy in the process of writing and rewriting of an opinion article

Main Article Content

Gabriela Aiolfi
Anselmo Lima
Letícia Lemos Gritti


This article presents a study that aims to identify and analyze dialogic functions of repair by lexical synonymy in the process of writing and rewriting of an opinion article. The data were collected in the Research Laboratory entitled 'Workshop of Reading, Writing and Rewriting of Opinion Articles', an activity of the Research Group UTFPR-CNPq LAD'Humano, in 2015. The opinion articles were written by first term undergraduate students of the Letters Teacher Certification Program in Portuguese-English of the Federal University of Technology of Paraná, Brazil, Pato Branco Campus. The writing of the texts was recorded by the software AutoScreen Recorder and Inputlog. The analyses are mainly based on Bakhtin, Volosinov, and Vygotsky and show that repair by lexical synonymy has the dialogic functions of addressing the target audience of the text, of textual adjustment, of giving the desired content to discourse and of acting in the process of construction of the writer's image. As "the meaning of the word is completely determined by its context" (BAKHTIN/VOLOCHÍNOV, 2014, p.109), it is the verbal and extraverbal context of a certain word choice that will contribute or not to building the meaning intended by the writer, and that is why synonymy study in the process of writing is important.

Article Details

How to Cite
Aiolfi, G., Lima, A., & Gritti, L. L. (2020). Dialogic functions of repair by lexical synonymy in the process of writing and rewriting of an opinion article. Dialogic Pedagogy: A Journal for Studies of Dialogic Education, 8, A20-A41. https://doi.org/10.5195/dpj.2020.235
Author Biographies

Gabriela Aiolfi, Federal University of Technology of Paraná (UTFPR), Brazil

GABRIELA AIOLFI will graduate as a Middle and High School Portuguese and EFL Teacher at the end of 2018 from Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná - UTFPR (Federal University of Technology of Parana State, Brazil), where she has been studying since 2015. Because of her outstanding performance as an undergraduate, she is sponsored as a Student Researcher by CNPq, the Brazilian National Counsel for Scientific and Technological Development, under the advisorship of Professor Anselmo Lima and Letícia Lemos Gritti.

Anselmo Lima, Federal University of Technology of Paraná (UTFPR), Brazil

ANSELMO LIMA is a tenured Professor of Educational Linguistics at Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná - UTFPR (Federal University of Technology of Parana State, Brazil). PhD in Applied Linguistics and Language Studies from Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo – PUC-SP (Pontifical Catholic University of Sao Paulo, Brazil); PhD internship in Occupational Psychology at Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers de Paris – CNAM (National Conservatory of Arts and Trades of Paris, France) and Post-Doc in the College of Education and Human Development of the University of Delaware, USA. He is the author of “Teacher Education & Teacher Health”: www.formacaoesaudedoprofessor.com

Letícia Lemos Gritti, Federal University of Technology of Paraná (UTFPR), Brazil

LETÍCIA LEMOS GRITTI is a tenured Professor of Linguistics at Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná - UTFPR (Federal University of Technology of Parana State, Brazil). PhD in Linguistics from Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina – UFSC (Federal University of Santa Catarina State, Brazil); PhD internship in Formal Language Structures at Université Paris Diderot - Paris VII, France.


AIOLFI, G. P. A. GÖTZ, G. Aprender a argumentar para aprender a ensinar a argumentação: relato de experiência com o gênero "artigo de opinião". In: III Seminário Internacional de Estudos sobre Discurso e Argumentação, 3, São Cristóvão. Anais do III Seminário Internacional de Estudos Sobre Discurso e Argumentação. Ilhéus: Editus, 2016, p.1732-1742. Available at: [http://octeventos.com/site/sediar/anais.php] Date accessed: 06 Jul. 2017.

AL-HINDAWI, F. ALKHAZAALI, M. A. A stylistic study of synonymy in W. Wordsworth’s poetry. اداب الكـوفة, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 18, apr. 2014. Available at: [http://www.uokufa.edu.iq/journals/index.php/kufa_arts/article/view/2536]. Date accessed: 13 Aug. 2018.

BAKHTIN, M. Os gêneros do discurso. In.: BAKHTIN, M. Estética da criação verbal. 6.ed. Trad. Paulo Bezerra. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2011, p.261-306.

BAKHTIN, M. (VOLOCHÍNOV). Marxismo e filosofia da linguagem: Problemas fundamentais do método sociológico da linguagem. 16.ed. Trad. Michel Lahud e Yara Frateschi Vieira. São Paulo: Hucitec, 2014.

BIASI, Pierre-Marc. O Horizonte Genético. In: ZULAR, Roberto. (Org.). Criação em processo - Ensaios de crítica genética. São Paulo: Iluminuras, 2002. p. 219-252.

BOFF, O. M. B.; KÖCHE, V. S.; MARINELLO, A. F. O gênero textual artigo de opinião: um meio de interação. ReVEL, vol. 7, n. 13, p.1-12, 2009. Available at: [http://www.revel.inf.br/files/artigos/revel_13_o_genero_textual_artigo_de_opiniao.pdf] Date accessed: 07 Sep. 2016.

CHAFE, W. L. Linguistic differences produced by differences between speaking and writing. In: OLSON, D. R.; TORRENCE, N.; HILDYARD, A. (Eds.). Literacy language, and learning: The nature and consequences of reading and writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985, (p. 105–123).

CLARK, E. V. ANDERSEN, E. S. Spontaneous Repairs: Awareness in the Process of Acquiring Language. Papers and Reports on Child Language Development. n. 16. p. 01-12. jan. 1979.

CUNHA, C. CINTRA, L. Gramática do português contemporâneo. 6.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Lexikon, 2013.

GRÉSILLON, A. LEBRAVE, J. L. Avant propos. Langages, n.69, p. 05-10, 1983. Available at: [http://www.persee.fr/doc/lgge_0458-726x_1983_num_17_69_1138] Date accessed: 06 Jul. 2017.

HAY, Louis. L'écriture vive. Préface. In: HAY, Louis. (Org.). Les manuscrits des écrivains. Paris: CNRS Éditions/ Hachette, 1993. p. 10-33.

ILARI, R. GERALDI, J. W. Semântica. 11.ed. São Paulo: Ática, 2006.

INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE ESTUDOS E PESQUISAS EDUCACIONAIS ANÍSIO TEIXEIRA. A redação no ENEM 2013: Guia do participante. Brasília, 2013. Available at: [http://download.inep.gov.br/educacao_basica/enem/guia_participante/2013/guia_de_redacao_enem_2013.pdf]. Date accessed: 18 Jul. 2016.

LEIJTEN, M.; VAN WAES, L. Keystroke logging in writing research: using Inputlog to analyze and visualize writing processes. Written Communication, v.3, n.30, p. 358-392, 2013.

LIMA, A. Dialogism, argumentation and human development: an approach to teacher professional gestures by means of the self-confrontation method. Bakhtiniana, v. 8, n.1, 2013. Available at: <http://revistas.pucsp.br/index.php/bakhtiniana/article/view/12830/11694>. Date accessed: 05/27/2019.

LIMA, A. Procedimentos teórico-metodológicos de estudo de gêneros do discurso: atividade e oralidade em foco. In: BRAIT, B. MAGALHÃES, A. S. (Orgs.) Dialogismo: teoria e(m) prática. São Paulo: Terracota, 2014. p.37-53.

LIMA, A. Inarticulateness as a developmental process from inability to ability in speech genres. Language Sciences, v.53, p.-21-30, 2016a.

LIMA, A. Blog Pães e Opiniães. 2016b. Available at: [http://paeseopiniaes.blogspot.com.br/] Date accessed: 05 Jan. 2017.

LIMA, A. VON DUYKE, K. Reflections on a dialogic pedagogy inspired by the writings of Bakhtin: an account of the experience of two professors working together in the classroom. Dialogic Pedagogy: An International Online Journal. v.4, p.A98-A121, 2016. Available at: [https://dpj.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/dpj1/article/view/159] Date accessed: 12 Aug. 2018.

MICHAELIS. Dicionário prático da língua portuguesa. São Paulo: Melhoramentos, 2008.

PERELMAN, C. OLBRECHTS-TYTECA, L. Tratado da argumentação: a nova retórica. 2.ed. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2005.

PIETROFORTE, A. V. S. LOPES, I. C. Semântica Lexical. In: FIORIN, J. L. Introdução à linguística II: princípios de análise. 4.ed. São Paulo: Contexto, 2008. p.111-135.

PLANTIN, C. A argumentação. São Paulo: Parábola, 2008.

RODRIGUES, Â. C. S. Língua falada e língua escrita. In: PRETI, D. (Org). Análise de textos orais. 7. ed. São Paulo: Humanitas, 2010. p. 15-37.

SALLES, C. A. Crítica genética: fundamentos dos estudos genéticos sobre o processo de criação artística. 3. ed. São Paulo: EDUC, 2008.

SCHEGLOFF, E. The Relevance of Repair to Syntax-for-Conversation. Syntax and Semantics. v. 12. p. 261-286. 1979.

SCHEGLOFF, E. JEFFERSON, G. SACKS, H. The Preference for Self-Correction in the Organization of Repair in Conversation. Language, v.53, n.2, jun., 1977, p. 361-382 Available in: [https://www.jstor.org/stable/413107] Date accessed: 06 Aug. 2018.

SILVA, D. P. Vocabulário Jurídico. Atualizadores: Nagib Slaibi Filho e Priscila Pereira Vasques Gomes. 31. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Forense, 2014.

SILVA, A. S. Competition of synonyms through time: Conceptual and social salience factors and their interrelations. Catalan Journal of Linguistics, [S.l.], v. 14, p. 199-218, dec. 2015. Available at: [https://revistes.uab.cat/catJL/article/view/v14-soares]. Date accessed: 13 Aug. 2018.

SILVA, M. I. L. E. Crítica Genética na era digital: o processo continua. Letras de Hoje, Porto Alegre, v. 45, n. 4, p. 43-47, out./dez. 2010.

SPÁČILOVÁ, G. On Collocational Restrictions (A Case Study). Bachelor's thesis. Masaryk University, Faculty of Arts. Thesis supervisor doc. PhDr. Naděžda Kudrnáčová, CSc. 2009. Available at: [https://theses.cz/id/5tdwdx/]. Date accessed: 13 Aug. 2018.

STANOJEVIC, M. Cognitive Synonymy: A General Overview. Facta Universitatis. v. 7. n. 2. p.193-200. 2009.

UOL. Quer entender o que acontece na Petrobras? Veja este resumo. Available at: [http://economia.uol.com.br/noticias/redacao/2015/02/05/quer-entender-o-que-acontece-na-petrobras-veja-este-resumo.htm] Date accessed: 10 Sep. 2016.

VIGOTSKI, L. S. A consciência como problema da psicologia do comportamento. In: ______. Teoria e método em psicologia. Trad. Cláudia Berliner. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 1996. p.55-85.

VIGOTSKI, L. S. A formação social da mente: o desenvolvimento dos processos psicológicos superiores. 7.ed. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2007.

WACHOWICZ, T. C. Análise linguística nos gêneros textuais. São Paulo: Saraiva, 2012.